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United Nations A/50/642 – General Assembly – REPORT OF THE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON THE CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONS AND ON THE STRENGTHENING OF THE ROLE OF THE ORGANIZATION

http://www.un.org/documents/ga/docs/50/plenary/a50-642.htm

 


United Nations A/50/642


    General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL

5 December 1995

ORIGINAL:
ARABIC


Fiftieth sessionAgenda item 145REPORT OF THE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON THE CHARTER OF THEUNITED NATIONS AND ON THE STRENGTHENING OF THE ROLE OFTHE ORGANIZATION 

Report of the Sixth Committee

 

Rapporteur:  Mr. Walid OBEIDAT (Jordan)

 

I.  INTRODUCTION

 

1.   The item  entitled “Report  of the Special Committee  on the Charter of

the   United  Nations  and   on  the  Strengthening  of   the  Role  of  the

Organization”  was  included  in  the  provisional  agenda  of  the fiftieth

session  of  the  General  Assembly  pursuant  to  paragraph  9  of Assembly

resolution 49/58 of 9 December 1994.

 

2.  At its 3rd plenary meeting, on  22 September 1995, the General Assembly,

on the  recommendation of the General Committee, decided to include the item

in its agenda and to allocate it to the Sixth Committee.

 

3.   In connection with the  item, the Sixth  Committee had before it    the

report of the Special Committee on the  Charter of the United Nations and on

the  Strengthening of the  Role of  the Organization,    Official Records of

the General Assembly, Fiftieth Session, Supplement No. 33 (A/50/33).

 

95-38270 (E)   071295/…

*9538270* which was introduced  by the Chairman of the Special Committee  at

the 31st meeting  of the Sixth  Committee, on 6 November 1995.   The Special

Committee, in its report on its 1995 session, inter alia:

 

(a)   Recommended that  the General  Assembly bring  to  the attention  of

States the text  of the United Nations Model  Rules for the Conciliation  of

Disputes  between States completed during  that session, by annexing it to a

decision or resolution to be adopted at the fiftieth session;

 

(b)  Invited  the General  Assembly to  consider the  establishment of  an

openended working group within the framework of the Sixth  Committee, at the

fiftieth  session, with a view to considering, on the basis of the report of

the Secretary-General prepared pursuant to  paragraph 3 of  General Assembly

 

resolution 49/58, the issue  of the implementation of  the provisions of the

Charter  of  the  United  Nations  related  to  assistance  to  third States

affected by the application of sanctions under Chapter VII of the Charter.

 

4.  The following communications were also circulated under the item:

 

(a)    Report  of  the  Secretary-General  on  the  implementation  of the

provisions  of the Charter  of the United  Nations related  to assistance to

third States  affected by the application of sanctions under  Chapter VII of

the Charter (A/50/361);

 

(b)  Letter dated  1 September 1995  from the Permanent Representative  of

Sierra  Leone  to  the United  Nations  addressed  to  the Secretary-General

(A/50/403).

 

5.    At  its  2nd  meeting,  on  25  September 1995,  the  Sixth  Committee

established  the Working  Group  referred to  in paragraph  3 (b)  above and

elected Ms. Maria del Lujan Flores (Uruguay) as  its Chairman.  The  Working

Group held 19 meetings between 3 October and 24 November 1995.

 

6.    At  the 46th  meeting  of the  Sixth  Committee, on  29  November, the

Chairman of  the Working Group presented an  oral report on  the work of the

Working Group (see A/C.6/50/SR.46).

 

7.  The  Sixth Committee considered the item  at its 31st  to 37th, 44th and

46th meetings,  from 6 to 13  and on 22  and 29 November 1995.   The summary

records  of those  meetings contain  the  views  of the  representatives who

spoke during the  Committee’s consideration of the item  (A/C.6/50/SR.31-37,

44 and 46).

 

II.  CONSIDERATION OF PROPOSALS

 

A.  Draft resolutions A/C.6/50/L.11 and A/C.6/50/L.11/Rev.1

 

8.  The Sixth  Committee had before it  a draft resolution  entitled “United

Nations  Model  Rules  for  the Conciliation  of  Disputes  between  States”

(A/C.6/50/L.11) sponsored  by Guatemala,  subsequently joined  by Argentina,

Costa  Rica,  Ecuador, El  Salvador,  Honduras,  Kyrgyzstan,  Nicaragua  and

Panama.

 

9.   At  the  46th meeting,  on  29  November  1995, the  representative  of

Guatemala,  on  behalf  of  Argentina,  Colombia,  Costa  Rica, Ecuador,  El

Salvador,  Guatemala, Honduras,  Kyrgyzstan,  Nicaragua, Panama  and  Spain,

subsequently  joined by  Canada and  Venezuela, introduced  a revised  draft

resolution  (A/C.6/50/L.11/Rev.1) entitled  “United Nations Model  Rules for

the Conciliation of  Disputes between States”,  in which operative paragraph

1, which had read:

“1.    Commends the  Special  Committee on  the  Charter of  the  United

Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization for  having

adopted by consensus the  final text of the  United Nations Model  Rules for

the Conciliation of  Disputes between  States”,    Official  Records of  the

General Assembly, Fiftieth  Session, Supplement No.  33 (A/50/33),  chap. V,

sect. A.

 

was replaced by the following:

 

“1.  Commends the  Special Committee on the  Charter of the United Nations

and  on  the Strengthening  of  the  Role of  the  Organization  for  having

completed  the  final  text  of the  United  Nations  Model  Rules  for  the

Conciliation of Disputes between States”. 2/

 

10.   At the  same meeting, the  Committee adopted  revised draft resolution

A/C.6/50/L.11/Rev.1 by consensus (see para. 18, draft resolution I).

 

11.     A  statement   was  made   by  the  representative   of  Peru   (see

 

A/C.6/50/SR.46).

 

B.  Draft resolution A/C.6/50/L.13

 

12.   At the 46th meeting, on 29 November, the Chairman of the Working Group

on the Implementation of Charter Provisions  related to Assistance to  Third

States  Affected  by  the  Application  of   Sanctions  introduced  a  draft

resolution (A/C.6/50/L.13),  entitled “Implementation  of Charter provisions

related  to  assistance to  third  States  affected  by  the application  of

sanctions”, proposed by her.

 

13.    At  the  same  meeting,   the  Committee  adopted  draft   resolution

A/C.6/50/L.13 by consensus (see para. 18, draft resolution II).

 

14.   Statements were  made by the representatives  of France and Mozambique

(see A/C.6/50/SR.46).

 

C.  Draft resolution A/C.6/50/L.15

 

15.  At the 46th meeting, on  29 November 1995, the representative of Egypt,

on  behalf  of Argentina,  Brazil,  Bulgaria,  Egypt,  New  Zealand and  the

Philippines, introduced a draft  resolution (A/C.6/50/L.15) entitled “Report

of the  Special Committee on the  Charter of the  United Nations  and on the

Strengthening of  the Role  of the  Organization”.   Subsequently,  Finland,

Japan and Portugal joined in sponsoring the draft resolution.

 

16.    At  the  same  meeting,   the  Committee  adopted  draft  resolution

A/C.6/50/L.15 by  a recorded vote  of 122 to  none, with  6 abstentions (see

para.  18, draft  resolution  III).   The  voting  was  as follows:      The

Secretariat was subsequently notified that the  delegation of Sri Lanka  had

intended to vote in favour of the draft  resolution and that the  delegation

of the  Syrian Arab  Republic, had  it been  present during the  vote, would

have voted in favour of the draft resolution.

 

In  favour:Albania,  Algeria,  Angola,   Argentina,  Armenia,   Australia,

Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados,  Belarus, Belgium, Belize,  Bolivia,

Bosnia  and  Herzegovina,  Botswana, Brazil,  Brunei  Darussalam,  Bulgaria,

Cameroon,  Canada,  Cape  Verde,  Chile,  China,  Colombia,  Cote  d’Ivoire,

Croatia,  Cyprus,   Czech  Republic,  Denmark,   Djibouti,  Ecuador,  Egypt,

Estonia,  Ethiopia,  Fiji,   Finland,  France,  Georgia,  Germany,   Greece,

Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Iceland, India, Indonesia,  Iran

(Islamic Republic  of), Ireland,  Israel, Italy,  Japan, Jordan,  Kazakstan,

Kenya,  Kuwait,   Latvia,  Lesotho,  Liechtenstein,  Lithuania,  Luxembourg,

Madagascar,  Malawi,  Malaysia, Maldives,  Mali,  Malta, Mauritius,  Mexico,

Micronesia  (Federated States  of), Monaco,  Mongolia,  Morocco, Mozambique,

Myanmar,  Namibia,  Netherlands,  New  Zealand, Nicaragua,  Niger,  Nigeria,

Norway,  Oman, Pakistan,  Papua  New Guinea,  Paraguay,  Peru,  Philippines,

Poland, Portugal,  Qatar, Republic of Korea,  Republic of Moldova,  Romania,

Russian  Federation, Rwanda,  Saudi  Arabia, Senegal,  Singapore,  Slovakia,

South Africa,  Spain, Suriname,  Swaziland, Sweden,  Thailand, Trinidad  and

Tobago,  Tunisia, Turkey,  Uganda,  Ukraine, United  Arab  Emirates,  United

Kingdom  of Great Britain  and Northern  Ireland, United  States of America,

Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

 

Against:  None.

 

Abstaining:Cuba, Democratic  People’s Republic  of Korea,  Lebanon, Libyan

Arab Jamahiriya, Sri Lanka, Sudan.

 

17.  Statements were made  by the representatives of the Democratic People’s

Republic of Korea, Mexico, Italy, the  Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Cuba,  France

and Japan (see A/C.6/50/SR.46).

 

III.  RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE SIXTH COMMITTEE

 

18.  The Sixth Committee recommends to the  General Assembly the adoption of

the following draft resolutions:

 

DRAFT RESOLUTION I

 

United Nations Model Rules for the Conciliation of

Disputes between States

 

The General Assembly,

 

Considering that conciliation is among the  methods for the settlement  of

disputes between States enumerated  by the Charter of the United Nations  in

Article  33,  paragraph  1,  that it  has  been  provided  for  in  numerous

treaties, bilateral  as well  as multilateral,  for the  settlement of  such

disputes, and that it has proved its usefulness in practice,

 

Convinced that  the establishment of model  rules for  the conciliation of

disputes  between States which  incorporate the  results of  the most recent

scholarly   work  and   of  experience   in  the   field   of  international

conciliation, as well as  a number of  innovations which can with  advantage

be made in  the traditional practice  in that  area, can  contribute to  the

development of harmonious relations between States,

 

1.  Commends the  Special Committee on the  Charter of the  United Nations

and  on  the  Strengthening  of  the Role  of  the  Organization for  having

completed  the  final  text  of  the  United  Nations  Model Rules  for  the

Conciliation of Disputes between States;    Official Records of the  General

Assembly, Fiftieth Session, Supplement No. 33 (A/50/33), chap. V, sect. A.

 

2.   Draws to  the attention  of States  the possibility  of applying  the

Model  Rules, the text  of which  is annexed hereto, whenever  a dispute has

arisen  between States  which it  has  not  been possible  to solve  through

direct negotiations;

 

3.    Requests  the  Secretary-General,  to  the  extent  possible  and in

accordance  with the  relevant provisions  of the  Model Rules, to  lend his

assistance to  the States resorting  to conciliation  on the basis  of those

Rules;

 

4.     Also  requests   the  Secretary-General   to  make   the  necessary

arrangements  to  distribute  to  Governments  the   text  of  the   present

resolution, including the annex.

 

ANNEX

 

United Nations Model Rules for the Conciliation

of Disputes between States

 

CHAPTER I

 

APPLICATION OF THE RULES

 

Article 1

 

1.  These rules apply to the conciliation  of disputes between States  where

those States have expressly agreed in writing to their application.

 

2.   The States which agree  to apply  these rules may at  any time, through

mutual agreement, exclude or amend any of their provisions.

 

CHAPTER II

 

INITIATION OF THE CONCILIATION PROCEEDINGS

 

Article 2

 

1.    The  conciliation  proceedings  shall  begin  as  soon as  the  States

concerned  (henceforth:    the  parties)  have  agreed  in  writing  to  the

application of the present rules, with or without  amendments, as well as on

a  definition of the  subject of  the dispute, the number  and emoluments of

members of  the conciliation commission, its  seat and  the maximum duration

of the proceedings, as provided in article 24.   If necessary, the agreement

shall contain provisions concerning the language  or languages in which  the

proceedings are to be conducted and the linguistic services required.

 

2.  If  the States cannot  reach agreement on the definition  of the subject

of the dispute, they  may by mutual agreement request the assistance of  the

Secretary-General  of the United  Nations to  resolve the  difficulty.  They

may  also by mutual  agreement request his  assistance to  resolve any other

difficulty  that  they  may  encounter  in  reaching  an  agreement  on  the

modalities of the conciliation proceedings.

 

CHAPTER III

 

NUMBER AND APPOINTMENT OF CONCILIATORS

 

Article 3

 

There may be three conciliators or five conciliators.   In either case the

conciliators shall form a commission.

 

Article 4

 

If  the parties have  agreed that  three conciliators  shall be appointed,

each one  of them shall  appoint a conciliator,  who may not  be of its  own

nationality.  The  parties  shall  appoint  by  mutual agreement  the  third

conciliator, who may not be of the nationality  of any of the parties  or of

the other  conciliators.  The  third conciliator  shall act as  president of

the  commission.    If  he  is  not  appointed  within  two  months  of  the

appointment of  the conciliators appointed  individually by the parties, the

third conciliator  shall be  appointed by the  Government of  a third  State

chosen  by  agreement  between the  parties  or, if  such  agreement is  not

obtained within two months,  by the President of  the International Court of

Justice.   If  the  President is  a  national of  one  of  the parties,  the

appointment shall be  made by the Vice-President or  the next member of  the

Court in  order of  seniority who  is not a  national of  the parties.   The

third conciliator  shall  not reside  habitually  in  the territory  of  the

parties or be or have been in their service.

 

Article 5

 

1.  If the  parties have agreed that  five conciliators should be appointed,

each one  of  them  shall appoint  a  conciliator  who  may be  of  its  own

nationality.   The other  three conciliators,  one of  whom shall  be chosen

with a  view to  his acting  as president,  shall be appointed  by agreement

between the  parties from among nationals  of third States  and shall be  of

different nationalities.    None of  them  shall  reside habitually  in  the

territory  of the parties or be or have been in their service.  None of them

shall have the same nationality as that of the other two conciliators.

 

2.   If the appointment of the conciliators whom  the parties are to appoint

jointly has not been  effected within three months, they shall be  appointed

by the Government of a third State chosen  by agreement between the  parties

 

or, if  such  an  agreement  is not  reached  within  three months,  by  the

President of  the International  Court of Justice.   If the  President is  a

national of one  of the parties, the appointment  shall be made by the Vice-

President or the next judge in order of  seniority who is not a  national of

the  parties.   The  Government  or member  of  the International  Court  of

Justice  making  the  appointment  shall  also  decide  which  of  the three

conciliators shall act as president.

 

3.  If,  at the end of the three-month  period referred to in the  preceding

paragraph,  the  parties  have  been  able  to  appoint  only  one  or   two

conciliators, the two  conciliators or the  conciliator still required shall

be appointed  in the manner  described in the  preceding paragraph.   If the

parties have not agreed  that the conciliator or one of the two conciliators

whom they have appointed  shall act as president,  the Government or  member

of  the International Court  of Justice  appointing the  two conciliators or

the  conciliator  still  required  shall  also  decide  which  of  the three

conciliators shall act as president.

 

4.   If, at the end  of the three-month period referred to in paragraph 2 of

this  article, the parties  have appointed  three conciliators  but have not

been able  to agree  which of  them shall  act as  president, the  president

shall be chosen in the manner described in that paragraph.

Article 6

 

Vacancies  which  may  occur in  the  commission  as  a  result  of death,

resignation  or any other  cause shall be filled as  soon as possible by the

method established for appointing the members to be replaced.

 

CHAPTER IV

 

FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES

 

Article 7

 

The commission, acting  independently and impartially, shall endeavour  to

assist the parties in  reaching an amicable  settlement of the dispute.   If

no settlement  is  reached during  the  consideration  of the  dispute,  the

commission  may  draw  up  and  submit  appropriate  recommendations  to the

parties for consideration.

 

CHAPTER V

 

PROCEDURES AND POWERS OF THE COMMISSION

 

Article 8

 

The commission shall adopt its own procedure.

 

Article 9

 

1.   Before  the commission  begins its  work, the  parties shall  designate

their  agents  and  shall  communicate  the names  of  such  agents  to  the

president of  the commission.  The  president shall  determine, in agreement

with the parties, the date of the commission’s  first meeting, to which  the

members of the commission and the agents shall be invited.

 

2.   The agents  of the  parties may  be assisted before  the commission  by

counsel and experts appointed by the parties.

 

3.   Before the  first  meeting of  the  commission,  its members  may  meet

informally with the agents of the parties, if necessary,  accompanied by the

appointed  counsel and  experts to  deal with  administrative and procedural

matters.

 

Article 10

 

1.  At its first meeting, the commission shall appoint a secretary.

 

2.  The secretary of  the commission shall  not have the nationality of  any

of the  parties, shall not  reside habitually  in their territory  and shall

not be or  have been in  the service  of any of  them.  He  may be a  United

Nations official  if the  parties agree  with the  Secretary-General on  the

conditions under which the official will exercise these functions.

 

Article 11

 

1.   As soon  as the information  provided by  the parties  so permits,  the

commission,  having regard, in  particular, to  the time-limit  laid down in

article 24,  shall  decide in  consultation  with  the parties  whether  the

parties should be invited  to submit written pleadings  and, if so,  in what

order and within what  time-limits, as well as the dates when, if necessary,

the  agents  and  counsel  will be  heard.    The  decisions  taken  by  the

commission  in  this  regard may  be  amended  at  any  later  stage of  the

proceedings.

 

2.   Subject to the  provisions of article  20, paragraph  1, the commission

shall  not allow  the agent  or counsel  of one  party  to attend  a meeting

without having also given the other party the opportunity to be  represented

at the same meeting.

 

Article 12

 

The parties, acting in good faith,  shall facilitate the commission’s work

and, in  particular, shall provide  it to the greatest  possible extent with

whatever documents, information and explanations may be relevant.

 

Article 13

 

1.  The commission may ask the parties  for whatever relevant information or

documents, as well as  explanations, it deems  necessary or useful.  It  may

also make comments  on the arguments advanced as  well as the statements  or

proposals made by the parties.

 

2.  The commission may  accede to any request by a party that persons  whose

testimony it  considers necessary  or useful  be heard,  or that experts  be

consulted.

 

Article 14

 

In cases where the parties disagree on issues  of fact, the commission may

use all means at  its disposal, such as  the joint expert advisers mentioned

in article 15, or consultation with experts, to ascertain the facts.

 

Article 15

 

The commission  may  propose to  the  parties  that they  jointly  appoint

expert advisers to  assist it in the  consideration of technical aspects  of

the dispute.  If  the proposal  is  accepted,  its implementation  shall  be

conditional  upon the  expert advisers  being  appointed  by the  parties by

mutual agreement and accepted by  the commission and upon the parties fixing

their emoluments.

 

Article 16

 

Each party may at any time, at its own initiative  or at the initiative of

the commission,  make proposals  for the  settlement  of the  dispute.   Any

proposal  made  in  accordance  with  this  article  shall  be  communicated

immediately to  the other  party by  the president,  who may,  in so  doing,

transmit any comment the commission may wish to make thereon.

 

Article 17

 

At  any  stage  of  the  proceedings,  the  commission  may,  at  its  own

initiative or at  the initiative of one of  the parties, draw the  attention

of the parties to  any measures which in its  opinion might be  advisable or

facilitate a settlement.

 

Article 18

 

The commission shall endeavour to take  its decisions unanimously but,  if

unanimity proves impossible, it may  take them by a majority of votes of its

members.  Abstentions are not allowed.  Except in matters of procedure,  the

presence of  all members  shall be required  in order for  a decision to  be

valid.

 

Article 19

 

The  commission may, at any  time, ask the Secretary-General of the United

Nations for  advice  or assistance  with  regard  to the  administrative  or

procedural aspects of its work.

 

CHAPTER VI

 

CONCLUSION OF THE CONCILIATION PROCEEDINGS

 

Article 20

 

1.  On concluding  its consideration of the dispute, the commission may,  if

full  settlement  has not  been  reached,  draw  up  and submit  appropriate

recommendations to the parties  for consideration.  To that end, it may hold

an  exchange of  views with  the agents  of the  parties, who  may  be heard

jointly or separately.

 

2.  The  recommendations adopted by the commission  shall be set forth in  a

report communicated by the president of the commission  to the agents of the

parties, with  a request  that the  agents inform  the commission,  within a

given period, whether the  parties accept them.   The president may  include

in the report the reasons which, in the  commission’s view, might prompt the

parties  to accept  the  recommendations submitted.    The  commission shall

refrain from presenting  in its report any  final conclusions with regard to

facts or from  ruling formally on  issues of  law, unless  the parties  have

jointly asked it to do so.

 

3.  If the  parties accept the recommendations submitted by the  commission,

a  proces-verbal  shall  be  drawn  up   setting  forth  the  conditions  of

acceptance.   The proces-verbal  shall be  signed by  the president and  the

secretary.  A  copy thereof signed  by the  secretary shall  be provided  to

each party.  This shall conclude the proceedings.

 

4.    Should the  commission decide  not  to submit  recommendations to  the

parties, its decision  to that effect  shall be recorded in  a proces-verbal

signed by  the president and the  secretary.  A copy  thereof signed by  the

secretary  shall  be provided  to  each  party.    This  shall conclude  the

proceedings.

 

Article 21

 

1.  The recommendations of the commission will  be submitted to the  parties

for  consideration in  order to  facilitate  an  amicable settlement  of the

dispute.  The parties  undertake to study them in good faith, carefully  and

objectively.

 

2.  If one of the parties does not accept  the recommendations and the other

party does,  it shall inform the latter,  in writing, of  the reasons why it

could not accept them.

 

Article 22

 

1.  If  the recommendations are not accepted by both parties  but the latter

wish  efforts to  continue in order  to reach agreement  on different terms,

the proceedings  shall be resumed.   Article 24 shall  apply to the  resumed

proceedings, with the relevant time-limit, which  the parties may, by mutual

agreement,  shorten or  extend, running from the  commission’s first meeting

after resumption of the proceedings.

 

2.  If the recommendations are not  accepted by both parties and  the latter

do not  wish further  efforts to  be made  to reach  agreement on  different

terms, a  proces-verbal signed  by the  president and  the secretary  of the

commission  shall be drawn  up, omitting  the proposed  terms and indicating

that  the parties were unable to accept them and do not wish further efforts

to be made to reach agreement  on different terms.  The proceedings shall be

concluded when each  party has received  a copy of the  proces-verbal signed

by the secretary.

 

Article 23

 

Upon conclusion  of  the  proceedings,  the president  of  the  commission

shall, with the  prior agreement of  the parties,  deliver the documents  in

the  possession  of  the  secretariat  of   the  commission  either  to  the

Secretary-General  of the  United Nations  or  to  another person  or entity

agreed  upon by the parties.   Without prejudice to the possible application

of article 26,  paragraph 2, the  confidentiality of the documents  shall be

preserved.

 

Article 24

 

The commission shall conclude  its work within  the period agreed upon  by

the  parties.   Any extension of  this period  shall be  agreed upon  by the

parties.

 

CHAPTER VII

 

CONFIDENTIALITY OF THE COMMISSION’S WORK AND DOCUMENTS

 

Article 25

 

1.  The commission’s meetings shall be closed.   The parties and the members

and  expert  advisers of  the  commission,  the  agents and  counsel  of the

parties,  and the  secretary  and  the  secretariat  staff,  shall  maintain

strictly  the  confidentiality  of  any  documents  or  statements,  or  any

communication  concerning  the progress  of  the  proceedings  unless  their

disclosure has been approved by both parties in advance.

 

2.   Each party  shall receive, through  the secretary,  certified copies of

any minutes of the meetings at which it was represented.

 

3.   Each party  shall receive, through  the secretary, certified  copies of

 

any  documentary  evidence received  and  of  experts’ reports,  records  of

investigations and statements by witnesses.

 

Article 26

 

1.   Except  with  regard  to certified  copies referred  to in  article 25,

paragraph  3,  the  obligation  to  respect   the  confidentiality  of   the

proceedings and of the deliberations shall remain in effect  for the parties

and  for members of  the commission,  expert advisers  and secretariat staff

after the proceedings are concluded and  shall extend to recommendations and

proposals which have not been accepted.

 

2.   Notwithstanding the foregoing, the parties may,  upon conclusion of the

proceedings and  by mutual agreement,  make available to  the public all  or

some  of the documents  that in accordance with  the preceding paragraph are

to  remain confidential,  or  authorize the  publication of  all or  some of

those documents.

 

CHAPTER VIII

 

OBLIGATION NOT TO ACT IN A MANNER WHICH MIGHT HAVE

AN ADVERSE EFFECT ON THE CONCILIATION

 

Article 27

 

The  parties shall  refrain during  the conciliation proceedings  from any

measure which  might  aggravate  or  widen  the  dispute.   They  shall,  in

particular, refrain from any measures which might  have an adverse effect on

the   recommendations  submitted  by  the  commission,  so   long  as  those

recommendations have not been explicitly rejected by either of the parties.

 

CHAPTER IX

 

PRESERVATION OF THE LEGAL POSITION OF THE PARTIES

 

Article 28

 

1.   Except  as the  parties may  otherwise agree,  neither party  shall  be

entitled in  any other  proceedings, whether  in a  court of  law or  before

arbitrators or before any  other body, entity or person, to invoke any views

expressed or  statements, admissions or proposals made by the other party in

the  conciliation  proceedings, but  not  accepted,  or  the  report of  the

commission,  the recommendations submitted by the commission or any proposal

made by the commission, unless agreed to by both parties.

 

2.  Acceptance by  a party of recommendations submitted by the commission in

no  way implies any admission by it of the considerations  of law or of fact

which may have inspired the recommendations.

 

CHAPTER X

 

COSTS

 

Article 29

 

The  costs of the  conciliation proceedings  and the  emoluments of expert

advisers  appointed in  accordance with  article 15,  shall be borne  by the

parties in equal shares.

 

DRAFT RESOLUTION II

 

Implementation of Charter provisions related to assistance

to third States affected by the application of sanctions

 

The General Assembly,

 

Concerned with  the special economic  problems confronting certain  States

arising from  the carrying out of  preventive or  enforcement measures taken

by the Security  Council against other States,  and taking into  account the

obligation of Members of the United Nations under  Article 49 of the Charter

of the  United Nations to  join in affording  mutual assistance in  carrying

out the measures decided upon by the Security Council,

 

Recalling  the right  of  third States  confronted  with  special economic

problems of  that nature to consult  the Security Council  with regard to  a

solution to those problems, in accordance with Article 50 of the Charter,

 

Recalling also  the  1994     Official Records  of  the General  Assembly,

Forty-ninth  Session,  Supplement  No.  33  (A/49/33).  and  1995     Ibid.,

Fiftieth  Session,  Supplement No.  33  (A/50/33).  reports of  the  Special

Committee on the Charter  of the United Nations and on the Strengthening  of

the  Role of the  Organization containing  sections on  the consideration by

the  Committee   of  the  proposals  presented   on  the   question  of  the

implementation of  the  provisions of  the  Charter  of the  United  Nations

related  to  assistance to  third  States  affected  by  the application  of

sanctions under Chapter VII of the Charter,

 

Recalling further:

 

(a)  The report of  the Secretary-General, entitled “An Agenda for Peace”,

A/47/277-S/24111. in particular paragraph 41 thereof;

 

(b)   Its resolutions 47/120 A  of 18 December  1992, entitled “An  Agenda

for Peace:  preventive  diplomacy and related matters”,  and 47/120 B  of 20

September  1993, entitled “An  Agenda for  Peace”, in  particular section IV

thereof,   entitled   “Special   economic   problems   arising   from    the

implementation of preventive or enforcement measures”;

 

(c)  The position paper of  the Secretary-General, entitled “Supplement to

An Agenda for Peace”;   A/50/60-S/1995/1.

 

(d)   The  statement  of the  President of  the  Security Council  of  22

February 1995;   S/PRST/1995/9.

 

(e)  The report of the Secretary-General prepared pursuant to the note  by

the President of the Security Council    S/25036. regarding the question  of

special economic problems of States as  a result of sanctions  imposed under

Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations;   A/48/573-S/26705.

 

(f)   The  reports of  the  Secretary-General  on “Economic  assistance to

States affected  by the implementation of  the Security Council  resolutions

imposing sanctions  against the  Federal Republic of Yugoslavia  (Serbia and

Montenegro)”,   A/49/356 and A/50/423.

 

Taking note of the report of  the Secretary-General on the  implementation

of the  provisions  of the  Charter related  to assistance  to third  States

affected by the application of sanctions under Chapter VII of the Charter,

A/50/361.

 

Recalling that the question of assistance to third States affected by  the

application of  sanctions  has been  addressed recently  in several  forums,

including the  General Assembly and its  subsidiary organs  and the Security

Council,

 

Recalling  also  the   Security  Council’s  intention  expressed  in   the

statement  of the  President of the Security  Council of 16 December  1994

S/PRST/1994/81. as  part  of the  Council’s effort  to improve  the flow  of

 

information  and the exchange  of ideas  between members of  the Council and

other States  Members of the United  Nations that there  should be increased

recourse  to  open  meetings,  in  particular  at  an  early  stage  in  its

consideration of a subject,

 

Stressing  that  in  the formulation  of  sanctions  regimes, due  account

should be taken of the potential effects of sanctions on third States,

 

Stressing  also in this context  the powers of the  Security Council under

Chapter VII of the Charter and  the Council’s principal responsibility under

Article 24  of the  Charter for the  maintenance of international  peace and

security  in order  to  ensure  prompt and  effective action  by  the United

Nations,

 

Recalling that, under Article 31 of the Charter,  any Member of the United

Nations  which  is not  a member  of the  Security Council  may participate,

without vote, in  the discussion of any question brought before the Security

Council whenever the latter considers  that the interests of that Member are

specially affected,

 

Recognizing that  assistance to third  States affected  by the application

of  sanctions would  further contribute  to an  effective  and comprehensive

approach by  the international community to  mandatory sanctions imposed  by

the Security Council,

 

Recognizing also the  importance of taking  into account  in international

mechanisms of cooperation  and of economic and financial assistance  special

economic  problems of  States arising  from the implementation  of sanctions

imposed under Chapter VII of the Charter,

 

1.  Underlines  the importance of  consultations under Article  50 of  the

Charter  of the  United Nations,  as early  as possible,  with third  States

which may  be confronted  with special  economic problems  arising from  the

carrying out of preventive or enforcement  measures imposed by the  Security

Council  under  Chapter  VII  of  the  Charter  and  of  early  and  regular

assessments,  as appropriate, of their impact on such  States, and, for this

purpose,  invites  the Security  Council to  consider  appropriate ways  and

means  for  increasing   the  effectiveness  of   its  working  methods  and

procedures applied  in the  consideration of  the requests  by the  affected

countries for assistance, in the context of Article 50;

 

2.   Welcomes  the  measures  taken  by  the  Security  Council  aimed  at

increasing the effectiveness  and transparency of the sanctions  committees,

and  strongly recommends that  the Council  continue its  efforts further to

enhance the  functioning of  those committees, to  streamline their  working

procedures  and to facilitate  access to  them by  representatives of States

which  find themselves  confronted with  special economic  problems  arising

from the carrying out of sanctions;

 

3.  Requests  the Secretary-General, within existing resources, to  ensure

that the  Security Council and  its sanctions  committees are able  to carry

out their  work expeditiously, and to  make appropriate  arrangements in the

relevant parts of the  Secretariat, in order to carry out, in a  coordinated

way, the following functions:

 

(a)   To collate, assess and  analyse information, at  the request of  the

Security Council  and its  organs, on  the effects  of sanctions  regimes in

third  States which are or may be specially  affected by the implementations

of sanctions and the  resulting needs of such States, and keep the  Security

Council and its organs informed;

 

(b)   To provide advice to  the Security Council and  its organs at  their

request on specific  needs or  problems of  those third  States and  present

possible  options  so  that,  while maintaining  the  effectiveness  of  the

sanctions   regimes,   appropriate  adjustments   may   be   made   to   the

administration of the regime or the regime itself  with a view to mitigating

 

the adverse effects on such States;

 

(c)     To  collate  and   coordinate  information  about   international

assistance  available to  third States  affected by  the  implementations of

sanctions  and to  make it  officially  available  to the  interested member

States;

 

(d)   To explore  innovative and practical  measures of  assistance to the

affected third  States through  cooperation with  relevant institutions  and

organizations inside and outside the United Nations system;

 

4.  Requests the  Secretary-General to report to  the General Assembly, at

its  fifty-first  session, on  the  implementation  of  paragraph  3 and  on

possible  guidelines which might  be adopted  on technical  procedures to be

used by the appropriate parts of the Secretariat:

 

(a)   For  providing better  information  and  early assessments  for  the

Security Council  and its organs  about the  actual or potential  effects of

sanctions on third States which invoke Article 50 of the Charter;

 

(b)  For developing a possible  methodology for assessing the consequences

actually incurred  by  third States  as a  result of  the implementation  of

preventive or enforcement measures;

 

(c)   For  coordination  of  information about  international economic  or

other assistance potentially available to those third States;

 

5.  Stresses the  important role of the General Assembly, the Economic and

Social  Council  and   the  Committee  for  Programme  and  Coordination  in

mobilizing and monitoring,  as appropriate, the economic assistance  efforts

by  the international  community and  the  United  Nations system  to States

confronted with special economic problems arising  from the carrying out  of

preventive or enforcement measures imposed by the Security Council;

 

6.  Invites the organizations of  the United Nations system, international

financial   institutions,   other  international   organizations,   regional

organizations and  States Members to  continue to take  into account and  to

address more specifically and directly, where appropriate, special  economic

problems of third  States affected by sanctions imposed under Chapter VII of

the Charter and, for  this purpose, to consider ways and means for improving

procedures for  consultations in order to  maintain a constructive  dialogue

with such  States, including through regular  and frequent  meetings as well

as,  where appropriate, special  meetings between  the affected third States

and the donor community, with the  participation of United Nations  agencies

and other international organizations;

 

7.  Requests  the Special Committee on the  Charter of the United  Nations

and on the Strengthening of the Role  of the Organization, at its session in

1996,  to continue  to  consider  on a  priority basis  the question  of the

implementation  of the provisions  of the  Charter related  to assistance to

third States affected by the  application of sanctions under  Chapter VII of

the Charter taking into  consideration the report  of the Secretary-General,

10/ the proposals  presented on this  subject, the debate  on this  question

which took  place in  the Sixth  Committee at  the fiftieth  session of  the

General  Assembly and,  in particular, the implementation  of the provisions

of the present resolution.

DRAFT RESOLUTION III

 

Report of the Special Committee on the Charter of

the United Nations and on the Strengthening of

the Role of the Organization

 

The General Assembly,

 

Recalling  its resolution  3499 (XXX)  of 15  December 1975,  by which  it

established the  Special Committee on the  Charter of the United Nations and

 

on the  Strengthening of  the  Role of  the Organization,  and its  relevant

resolutions adopted at subsequent sessions,

 

Recalling  also   its  resolution  47/233  of   17  August   1993  on  the

revitalization of the work of the General Assembly,

 

Recalling  further  its  resolution  47/62  of  11  December  1992  on the

question of  equitable representation on and  increase in  the membership of

the Security Council,

 

Bearing in mind the provisions of  its resolution 50/__ [draft  resolution

A/C.6/50/L.6/Rev.1] of __________,

 

Conscious of  the ongoing discussion in  the open-ended  working groups of

the   General   Assembly   dealing  with   the   various   aspects  of   the

revitalization, strengthening and reform of the work of the United Nations,

 

Welcoming  the report of the  Open-ended Working Group  on the Question of

Equitable Representation on and Increase in  the Membership of the  Security

Council and  Other Matters  Related to  the Security  Council,      Official

Records  of the  General Assembly,  Forty-ninth  Session, Supplement  No. 47

(A/49/47).

 

Bearing in mind the  reports of the Secretary-General  on the work  of the

Organization submitted  to the  General Assembly  at its  thirty-seventh,

Ibid., Thirty-seventh Session,  Supplement No. 1  (A/37/1). thirty-ninth,

Ibid., Thirty-ninth Session, Supplement No. 1  (A/39/1). fortieth,    Ibid.,

Fortieth Session,  Supplement No. 1 (A/40/1).  forty-first,    Ibid., Forty-

first Session,  Supplement No.  1 (A/41/1).  forty-second,    Ibid.,  Forty-

second Session, Supplement No. 1 (A/42/1).

forty-third,      Ibid., Forty-third  Session,  Supplement  No.  1 (A/43/1).

forty-fourth,     Ibid., Forty-fourth  Session, Supplement  No. 1  (A/44/1).

forty-fifth,      Ibid., Forty-fifth  Session,  Supplement  No. 1  (A/45/1).

forty-sixth,     Ibid.,  Forty-sixth  Session, Supplement  No.  1  (A/46/1).

forty-seventh,    Ibid., Forty-seventh Session,  Supplement No.  1 (A/47/1).

forty-eighth,     Ibid., Forty-eighth  Session, Supplement  No. 1  (A/48/1).

forty-ninth    Ibid.,  Forty-ninth Session,  Supplement No.  1 (A/49/1). and

fiftieth    Ibid., Fiftieth Session, Supplement No. 1 (A/50/1). sessions, as

well as the views and comments expressed on them by Member States,

 

Recalling  the elements  relevant to  the  work  of the  Special Committee

contained in its resolution 47/120 B of 20 September 1993,

 

Mindful  of  the desirability  for  the  Special  Committee  to carry  out

further  work in the  fields of  the maintenance of  international peace and

security and the peaceful settlement of disputes between States,

 

Recalling its resolution 49/58 of 9 December 1994,

 

Having considered the report  of the Special Committee on the work of  its

session held in 1995,   Ibid., Supplement No. 33 (A/50/33).

 

Taking note of  the recommendation of  the Special Committee  on the  most

appropriate legal action to be taken on the question of the  deletion of the

“enemy State” clauses  from Articles  53, 77 and 107  of the Charter of  the

United Nations,   Ibid., para. 65.

 

Recognizing  that, having  regard  to the  substantial  changes  that have

taken place  in the world, the “enemy State” clauses in  Articles 53, 77 and

107 of the Charter of the United Nations have become obsolete,

 

Noting  that the States to  which those clauses  were directed are Members

of the United Nations and represent a valuable  asset in all the  endeavours

of the Organization,

 

Taking into account the complex process involved in amending the Charter,

 

1.   Takes note of the report of the Special  Committee on the Charter of

the  United   Nations  and  on  the   Strengthening  of  the   Role  of  the

Organization; 29/

 

2.  Decides that the Special Committee will hold its next session from  21

February to 5 March 1996;

 

3.  Expresses its  intention to initiate the procedure set out in  Article

108  of the  Charter  of the  United  Nations  to  amend the  Charter,  with

prospective effect,  by  the deletion  of  the  “enemy State”  clauses  from

Articles 53, 77 and 107 at its earliest appropriate future session;

 

4.  Requests the  Special Committee, at its session in 1996, in accordance

with the provisions of paragraph 5 below:

 

(a)   To  accord appropriate time  for the consideration  of all proposals

concerning  the  question of  the  maintenance  of  international peace  and

security in all  its aspects in order to  strengthen the role of the  United

Nations and, in  this context, to consider  other proposals relating  to the

maintenance of international  peace and security  already submitted or which

might  be  submitted to  the  Special  Committee at  its  session  in  1996,

including the  proposal on the strengthening of the role of the Organization

and enhancing  its effectiveness and the  revised proposal  submitted with a

view to enhancing  the effectiveness of  the Security  Council in regard  to

the  maintenance  of  international  peace  and  security,  and to  consider

recommending to the General Assembly the  desired priorities for its further

consideration;

 

(b)   To  continue to  consider on  a priority  basis the question  of the

implementation  of the provisions  of the  Charter related  to assistance to

third States  affected by the application of sanctions under  Chapter VII of

the Charter, taking into consideration the report of the  Secretary-General,

A/50/361.  the proposals  presented on  this  subject,  the debate  on this

question which took place  in the Sixth Committee at the fiftieth session of

the  General  Assembly  and,  in  particular,   the  implementation  of  the

provisions   of  General   Assembly   resolution  50/__   [draft  resolution

A/C.6/50/L.13] of ________;

 

(c)   To continue  its work on the question  of the peaceful settlement of

disputes between States, and in this  context to continue its  consideration

of  proposals  relating  to the  peaceful  settlement  of  disputes  between

States, including the proposal on the  establishment of a dispute settlement

service  offering or  responding with  its  services  early in  disputes and

those   proposals  relating  to   the  enhancement   of  the   role  of  the

International Court of Justice;

 

(d)  To continue  its consideration of the question of the enhancement  of

cooperation  between  the  United  Nations  and  regional  arrangements   or

agencies in the maintenance of international peace and security;

 

(e)  To consider proposals concerning the Trusteeship Council;

 

(f)   To  consider the  status of  the Repertory  of Practice  of  United

Nations Organs and the Repertoire of the Practice  of the Security Council;

See A/C.6/50/SR.44.

 

5.   Decides that the  Special Committee shall  henceforth be  open to all

States Members of the  United Nations and  that it will continue to  operate

on the basis of the practice of consensus;

 

6.  Decides also  that the Special Committee shall be authorized to accept

the  participation of observers of  States other than  States Members of the

United  Nations  which  are  members  of  specialized  agencies  or  of  the

International Atomic Energy Agency in its  meetings, and further decides  to

invite intergovernmental organizations  to participate in  the debate in the

plenary meetings  of the Committee on specific items where it considers that

 

such participation would assist in the work;

 

7.  Invites  the Special Committee at its  session in 1996 to identify new

subjects for consideration  in its future work  with a view to  contributing

to the revitalization of the work of the United Nations, and to discuss  how

to offer  its assistance to  the working groups  of the  General Assembly in

this field;

 

8.  Requests the Special  Committee to submit a report on its work to  the

General Assembly at the fifty-first session;

 

9.   Decides  to  include  in the  provisional agenda  of  its fifty-first

session the  item entitled “Report of  the Special Committee  on the Charter

of  the  United  Nations  and on  the  Strengthening  of  the  Role  of  the

Organization”.

 

—–

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Date last posted: 18 December 1999 16:30:10
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org

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